A tooth extraction is sometimes unavoidable and should be done only when there is no other viable treatment alternative.
What are implants?
Implants are medical devices similar to artificial titanium roots which are placed in the jaw bone. It becomes articulated with the bone through a very reliable biological process called "osseointegration".
Implants can replace a single missing tooth or multiple teeth by means of different prosthetic solutions.
They can also support full dentures, stabilising and making them safe during speech and mastication.
Implants success rates can reach up to 98% and its benefits in modern dentistry are undeniable.
The crowns or bridges placed over the implants must nowadays be quite similar to the natural teeth.
Implants can substantially improve your appearance, speech, mastication, comfort and self-esteem.
Teeth can be lost due to caries, periodontal disease, trauma or complications associated with dental treatments.
The lack of teeth can have serious negative consequences in terms of masticatory function, speech, aesthetics and health of the other teeth in the oral cavity. The loss of a tooth can be a precipitating event in a cascade of other events that will lead to multiple tooth losses.
For these reasons, it is essential to rehabilitate missing teeth, either with fixed or removable structures.
Dental implants are the treatment of choice in most cases as they allow fixed and independent rehabilitation of teeth.
Treatment of infections in implants
Peri-implantitis is one of the most frequent complications associated with dental implants. It is defined by inflammation of the peri-implant soft tissues, accompanied by loss of the bone that supports the implant.
It must be treated systematically in the initial phase of its development in order to minimize the consequences that may result in implant loss.
The causal factors are mainly of bacterial origin and its treatment is mostly surgical, involving decontamination of the affected area and sometimes associated with regenerative procedures.
It is considered a sensitive treatment, difficult to perform, therefore requiring the experience of a doctor with specialised training and appropriate technical means.
In the Oral Lab we have the expertise to treat perimplantitis in a very conservative and effective way.
Bone reconstruction of the jaws
After tooth extraction, the underlying bone undergoes a process of physiological resorption over time. Therefore, the more time that passes after extraction, the greater the likelihood of not having sufficient bone availability for rehabilitation with dental implants, which are installed in the jaw bone. In addition, the adjacent and opposing teeth migrate in the direction of the available space creating imbalances and making it difficult or impossible to place implants in the medium / long term. For this reason, and many others, missing teeth should be replaced as soon as possible after an extraction.
In areas where teeth have been lost a long time ago due to infection or trauma, there may be a need of bone regeneration procedures.
These can be performed before the implant placement or simultaneously. The increase in bone and gingival availability is achieved through a wide range of different techniques that require trained skills, experience and knowledge.
Proper planning of each case using three-dimensional imaging exams will make it possible to detect bone augmentation needs in advance. These techniques can be performed on the day of implant placement or prior to implantation.